Pilote Project Overview

From Communauté de la Fabrique des Mobilites

Short Description: Overview of paratransit mapping project

Description: The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 11.2 calls for “safe, affordable, accessible, and sustainable transport systems for all,” in addition to other critical global targets to reduce air pollution and decarbonize the transport sector. The official indicators include the percentage of residents within a half kilometer of frequent transit, as well as related needs for access to opportunities. However, to monitor targets, plan integrated public transport and provide new services such as passenger information services, we need public transport systems data, including, at the most basic level, network and stop data. In Africa, this data is scarce. The World Bank estimates that 92% of the largest low and middle-income cities in the world do not have complete transit maps. In many of these cities, minibus systems (sometimes called paratransit because of their non-scheduled, flexible routes and stops) provide mobility for most people, yet little data exists on their operations. Further, challenges exist around collecting this data in standardized ways. The digital revolution and the spread of new forms of data and technology offer opportunities to create missing public transport data. Several efforts have emerged in African cities and elsewhere to leverage digital technology to provide open source data about stops, routes and schedules. These cases include Nairobi’s Digital Matatus, Accra Mobility, Transport for Cairo and Maputo's Mapa dos Chapas in addition to emerging projects in Addis Ababa, Dhaka, Abidjan and other cities.


Africa Paratransit.png

Web Site : http://digitaltransport4africa.org/

Organisations interested to contribute or already contributing: Agence Francaise de Developpement, Jungle Bus, Digital Matatus Team, University of Nairobi, MIT, Transport for Cairo (TfC), World Resources Institute

Organisations using or interested to use the resource:

Contributor: HEGAZY Mohamed, KLOPP Jackie, CAVOLI Clemence, CHEVRE Antoine, LAINEZ Florian, SADIER Simon

Tags: Paratransit, Mapping Project

Category: Logiciel, Données, Communauté

Theme: Open Street Map OSM, Données ouvertes, Traces de mobilité et des données associées, Africa


Challenge addressed: Augmenter les connaissances partagées en cartographie et usages des véhicules et réseaux de transports

Key persons:

Other common:

Communauty of interest: Communauté autour des données ouvertes, Communauté autour des traces de mobilité et des données associées, Communauté des acteurs en Afrique

Type of common: Commun

Produced in the field of OpenChallenge?

Level of developpment

Chat Space to discuss: [1]

Mailing list:

Task management link:

File management link: https://git.digitaltransport4africa.org/commons; https://git.digitaltransport4africa.org/cities



Next step:

SSATP Forum in Abuja

Others informations:

Projects Network Pre existing data Data collection Data processing Data Shared and Deliverable Advantages Drawbacks
Digital Matatus
(Nairobi, Kenya)
Matatu and Rail-Nairobi's Transport Network Shapefiles of the road of Nairobi

Table (.xls) of existing bus and commuter rail routes
Identification of matatus routes, stops (name, with or without shelters...)

Routes & Stops: Using MyTrack and TransitWand App

Development of a modified GTFS standard for mapping the matatus network

Identification of major and secondary routes, assignment of a nomenclature for each route and stop
Identification of major and secondary routes, assignment of a nomenclature for each route and stop

Design of the map: redrawing of the route on a grid based (45°/90° angle)

Public map (Minibus routes, stops position and name + points of interest) and free GTFS/ GIS feed online here
The GTFS Feeds was incorporated to google map (users can get transit direction in Nairobi)

App that provide routing information (Ma3Route, FlashCast Sonar, Digital Matatu, Planning Tools for BRT development

Friendly user method for data collection

Collaborative map

Only estimation for Stop_Times or Frequencies

Need average fare information

Project Owner: Digital Matatus Team

Consultant: Columbia University, MIT, University of Nairobi, Groupshot
Beneficiary: City of Nairobi

Funding: Rockefeller Fundation

Other Stakeholders: Kenya Alliance of Resident, Kenya Institute of Public Policy and Research Analysis, ITDP, UNHabitat, Matatus drivers

Accra Mobility
(Accra, Ghana)
Register of lines per unions with Terminus Openstreetmap contributors and students collecting GPS data (bus stop/routes) directly on OSM with OSM Trackers app.

Note tools to log preselected variable as departure/arrival time, fares...

OpenStreetMap tools were used to check and verify quality and completion of data
Manual process to generate JSON
Development of a data validator on JOSM

GTFS field created from the GPS Trace on OSM by using OSM2GTFS (easy way to generate GTFS transit data from OSM)

Schematic Map produced in Illustrator
Manual data analysis on Trô-Trô indicators

GTFS/ GIS Dataset and map on GitHub here
OSM data on bus stops and routes

Dashboard for transport authority
Trô-Trô mapping guide (provide guidelines for mapping paratransit using open solutions)

Data used by Transit and TransportR app

Rotary club built bus shelter
Collaborative map created to be alterable (online tutorial)

The GTFS Field has to be regenerated for every change

Missing information on Stop_Times or Frequencies_ that are rough estimations interviewing drivers

Only one record per line, means that commercial speed assessment is not accurate on different times of the day

Project Owner: Departement of Transport (DoT)
Consultant: Concordia University, Jungle Bus & Transitec
Other Stakeholders: OpenStreetMap Community
Funding: UTP & AFD

Beneficiary: DoT

Transport for Cairo
(Cairo, Egypt)
Greater Cairo Region: Metro, Public bus, Paratransit bus
Phase 1: New Desert Community
Phase 2: Ineer-city
GIS map of the formal bus lines, created by the World Bank digitizing paper maps Geographic Data collection with smartphone

System Adequacy Data collection with smartphone/ 3rd party data integration

Temporal Data through integration with Big Data sources

Developed set of internal tools to automate most steps of creation of a GTFS

Ongoing expansion of OSM road network

Semi-automated cleaning of every trip collected

Intermodal map and free GTFS/ GIS Dataset online here
Anticipated release of Phase 1 for Summer 2018
First Open Intermodal Map Stop_Times or Frequencies_are estimation
Project Owner: TfC
Consultant: TfC

Other Stakeholders: Digital Matatus Team

Funding: ExpoLive Impact Grant Programme

Beneficiary: City of Cairo

Mapa dos Chapas
Minibuses Network
Public Buses lines
Main urban train line
JICA had collected data about major minibuses routes (in the context of the BRT feasibility study), but it was limited and was not used for this project GPS mapping and fieldwork to localize minibus lines and stops
Workshops with minibus operators to name the bus stops and confirm GPS/fieldwork data
Meetings with public authorities to validate data
Design and publish the schematic map (version 0)
Receive and integrate feedback from users
Update map (version 1 & 2)
Upload data to OSM (ongoing)
Maputo Minibuses maps and mapa dos Transportes da Cidade de Maputo Strong interaction with local stakeholders and local authority
The map has been embraced by the local authority and was renamed “Map of public transport” and includes the local authority’s official logo
Does not include the metropolitan area
No Data published
Project Owner: Waza, UCL, Rede Uthende (Ruth, civil Organization)

Other Stakeholders: Minibus owners, MTP, City Council, Chapas owners

Consultant: Mapa dos Chapas,

Funding: UCL, The Kestrelman Trust, Dialogo Program (Dfid), AGIR program (Swedish Embassy), Rosa Luxemburgo Fundation

Beneficiary: Maputo City Council, Transport Metropolitan Agency

Doula's PMUD
(Douala, Cameroun)
Taxis line network Identification of terminal stop
Using GPS Tracker (format KML)
Taxi, average speed and influence area
Bus + Taxis (fixe ligne) identification of routes, travel times, tarification, frequency...
PMUS and Doula Transit Map (ongoing) GPS Tracker on the bus Focussing on bus routes
Project Owner: CUD (Douala Urban Community)
Consultant: Systra
Funding: AFD, FFEM, MYC

Beneficiary: CUD

Transporte Urbano Colectivo de Managua y Ciudad Sandino (network of IRTRAMMA) Incomplete and scattered information available on OpenStreetMap.org Community workshops: Managua students and interested citizens learned about participatory mapping, collected GPS data of the bus routes and stops. Primarily the smartphone OsmTracker app has been used and the data directly uploaded to OpenStreetMap.org (in GPX format) Community workshops: Managua students and professionals learned on advanced editing on OSM and working with GIS in general; this technical core group developed high quality data with JOSM and the pt_assistant tools. The local specialists dealt perfectly with challenges

Open Data GTFS/GIS Dataset Online+ API

Editable paper map files
Openly licensed schematic network paper map

Responsive and mobile ready Open Source web application: site and code

Mobile applications serving the data (Transportr, TransitApp)

Contributing to provide solutions that will help future projects to do the same or similar

Methodology can be improve and used by all OSM contributors

Officialisation of informal bus stop name.

Sustainability through formality and constant maintenance: Communities can power up an effort to change but continuity can be given in Managua only through the governmental institution in charge (IRTRAMMA).

Project Owner: Nicaraguan OSM Community
Consultant: Nicaraguan OSM Community, Ninfus Design Studio
Funding: Crowd-funding Campaign

Other Stakeholders: Municipal regulatory institute for the city's transport (ITRAMMA)

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